The project will integrate and scale up services for diabetes and hypertension in clinics in Tanzania and Uganda, either as standalone or integrated with HIV-infection.
This builds on pilot studies that the partners are conducting, funded by UK NIHR, on the prevention and management of HIV, diabetes and hypertension in Africa. The aim of INTE-AFRICA is to assess the effectiveness and feasibility of large-scale scale up. Research evidence needed by African health services to scale-up and sustain the screening and management of diabetes and hypertension in different settings will be generated.
The objectives include: * to re-organise primary health care services so that diabetes and hypertension can be diagnosed and treated in dedicated chronic care clinics in two large regions, one in Tanzania and in Uganda; * to decentralise care from health facilities to the community in order to reduce patient load at clinics and reduce reliance on (scarce) clinical staff; to evaluate these approaches in terms of acceptability (by patients and the community), numbers of patients treated and retained in care, patient clinical outcomes (blood pressure control, blood glucose control), costs of delivering integrated care for the health service and cost-effectiveness (compared to current standard care); * to use the data generated to contribute evidence to the development of clinical guidelines; to develop the sustainable partnerships needed between researchers, government policy makers, public-private partnerships on an ethos of openness and equality so as to facilitate the expansion of the scale-up nationally. The majority of individuals with either hypertension or diabetes are identified after they develop complications, which leads to their poor outcomes, and to catastrophic costs to both the health service and the patient. Scaling up services for would prevent clinical complications in patients and could result in immense cost savings for patients and the health service.
- Jaffar Shabbar LIVERPOOL SCHOOL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE
- Sayoki Mfinanga National Institute for Medical Research, Dar es Salaam
- Sokoine Lesikari National Institute for Medical Research, Dar es Salaam.
- Elizabeth Shayo National Institute for Medical Research, Dar es Salaam.
- Kaushik Ramaiya Shree Hindu Mandal Hospital, Dar es Salaam
- Moffat Nyirenda MRC/UVRI/LSHTM Uganda Research Unit, Entebbe
- Josephine Birungi MRC/UVRI/LSHTM and The AIDS Support Organisation, Entebbe
- Ivan Namakoola MRC/UVRI/LSHTM Uganda Research Unit, Entebbe
- Bernard Etukoit The AIDS Support Organisation, Kampala
- Dominic Bukenya MRC/UVRI/LSHTM Uganda Research Unit, Entebbe
- Kenneth Mugisha The AIDS Support Organisation, Kampala
- Livingstone Ssali The AIDS Support Organisation, Kampala
- Gerald Mutungi Ministry of Health Uganda
- Joshua Musinguzi Ministry of Health Uganda
- Walter Cullen University College Dublin
- Max Bachmann University of East Anglia
- Bernt Lindtjorn University of Bergen
- Sven Hinderaker University of Bergen
- Camilla Picchio ISGlobal Barcelona
- Jeffery Lazarus ISGlobal Barcelona
- Marie-Claire Van Hout Liverpool John Moores University
- Ian Pennington Liverpool John Moores University
- Anu Garrib Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
- Tinevimbo Shiri Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
- Tsi Njim Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
- Louis Niessen Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
- Luis Cuevas Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
- Hazel Snell Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine