Lung Diseases LD15, 2017 – 2017

Indigenous Counselling and Nicotine (ICAN) QUIT in Pregnancy’ – a cluster randomised trial to implement culturally competent evidence-based smoking cessation for pregnant Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers

Funding amount



4 years


Smoking prevalence among Indigenous pregnant women is four times the rate in non-Indigenous women (49% vs.12%). An evidence-practice gap exists in evidence-based primary care approaches for Indigenous pregnant smokers.

Aims & objectives

To develop a culturally appropriate intervention to improve the provision of evidence-based smoking cessation care to pregnant women attending Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHS). The presentation will discuss the collaborative development of the intervention and the protocol.


We developed a culturally competent evidence-based guide for smoking cessation care specific to Indigenous maternal smokers, with a multi-component intervention called ICAN QUIT in Pregnancy. The approach aims to empower women and involve them in shared decision making, using ABCD (Ask, Brief intervention, Cessation, and Discuss the psychosocial context), and recommends the expedited use of nicotine replacement therapy. The resources for provider training and clients were collaboratively developed with ACCHS in Hunter New England. The intervention, including provider training, will be pilot tested, and then a cluster randomised controlled trial will determine the efficacy of the ICAN QUIT approach. Primary outcomes will be provider practices relating to an offer of NRT to Indigenous pregnant women (measured by audit of NRT prescription). Secondary outcomes will be mean scores on client checklists of care they received, and items of smoking cessation care recorded on client notes. Results The outcomes of the collaborative development of the intervention will be discussed.

Principal Investigator

Billie Bonevski, University of Newcastle, Australia

Funding organisations

  • Lung Diseases LD15
  • Australia
  • 2017 – 2017